Ethernet over copper vs T1 – significant points

Comparing Ethernet over copper vs T1 is a useful thing to do because quite a few business organizations will often turn to these technologies when it comes to Internet connectivity. There are plenty of similarities between the technologies when it comes to ‘deliverables’. Here is taking a look at both these technologies in some detail.


Service level agreement

One of the similarities between Ethernet over copper and T1 or bonded T1 is that both of them deliver the same service level agreement or SLA. This SLA is critical to business organizations because it will:

  • Define the formal ambit of services
  • talk about time taken to repair or restore networks
  • Guarantee data rates and
  • Specify details such as latency, packet loss and so on.


Considering the fact that both the technologies offer symmetrical speeds, service providers are able to give you a pretty comprehensive and satisfactory SLA! However, quite a few business organizations sometimes choose a T1 line because they may have more robust service level agreements.



Ethernet over copper is deployed through multiple pairs of twisted copper and this is done as a native Ethernet signal itself. On the other hand, T1 lines require a router which is situated in the location of the customer. Typically, Ethernet over copper does not necessitate the use of any costly hardware.



It is rather easy to upgrade to more bandwidth with an Ethernet over copper connection. Very often, it is as simple as asking your service provider or telecom carrier to change and upgrade your telecom plan. With a T1 line, you will need to wait for the installation of new equipment or even new cabling to upgrade in order to enjoy higher bandwidth. Of course, given the high levels of competition in this market today, most T1 service providers are able to do this in a pretty short frame of time as well.


You can also increase the bandwidth by getting bonded T1 lines. Up to 12 megabits per second, it is quite effective to choose a T1 line bonding. With a standard Ethernet over copper connection, you can also choose to go in for bonding in order to enjoy a larger bandwidth availability.


Cost factors

In most cases, Ethernet over copper can prove to be significantly less expensive than a T1 connection. Depending on your location, your distance from the local telecom office and the service provider that you have chosen, you could get a 10 megabits per second Ethernet over copper connection for around $500 as well.


Distance factors

One limitation to the Ethernet over copper connectivity is distance. Generally, this connection is available within a radius of a few miles from the Central office of a telecom carrier. On the other hand, with a T1 line, distance is absolutely no limitation whatsoever. With the installation of additional equipment and cabling, any business organization can enjoy T1 connectivity, almost regardless of where it is located.


Thus, factors such as distance, cost, equipment required and availability of bandwidth are the main points of difference in nation between Ethernet over copper and T1 lines.